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Wellness Care

Because of the shorter lifespan of our pets, we stress the importance of an annual physical examination. Through check-ups and preventive care, we can help alleviate serious health problems. We offer a wide range of veterinary services to keep your companions feeling their best. We will also include you in the determination of the best vaccination protocol for your pet's individual health and well-being.


As part of our commitment to provide you with a high level of care, we are constantly educating ourselves on the most current information available regarding all aspects of healthcare management for your pet.  Part of this is researching the best possible preventative care practices to provide your pet with continued health throughout their lifetime. 

The American Veterinary Medical Association, in part with the American Animal Hospital Association, have issued Canine Vaccination Guidelines that we believe are the best possible recommendations we have available to our clients and patients.  These Guidelines include expert opinion supported by scientific study and encompass all canine vaccines currently licensed in the US and Canada.  Vaccines and the frequency of their administration are labeled as either "Core" or "Noncore" based on the severity and prevalence of the disease they protect against.

The following is a listing of the Canine Vaccination Guidelines that we began utilizing at January 1, 2017:

  • Current Core vaccinations offered by Pine Valley Veterinary Clinic
    • DAPP (Distemper, Adenovirus, Parinfluenza and Parvo virus- 1 combined vaccine)- this vaccination protects your pet from the most common viruses (though they have been largely eradicated with the use of appropriate vaccination protocols, with the exception of Parvo virus, which is a hearty virus and maintains itself well in the environment).
      • Puppies will receive this vaccination around 8 weeks of age, to be boostered at 12 and 16 weeks for a total of 3 administrations.
      • Adult dogs who have had no vaccinations previously will receive this vaccination followed by a booster 3-4 weeks later then annually the next year. Then the vaccine will be administered every 3 years after that.
    • Leptospirosis (Lepto) vaccination- Leptospirosisis an infection of bacterial spirochetes, which dogs acquire when subspecies of the Leptosirosis interrogans penetrate the skin and spread through the body by way of the bloodstream.  Dogs will typically come into contact with the leptospira bacteria in infected water, soil, or mud, while swimming, passing through, or drinking contaminated water, or from coming in contact with urine from an infected animal.  Lepto is also a zoonotic disease, meaning that it can be spread from animals to humans.  Because our area has now been considered epidemic for Lepto and because of it's potential human health concern, we are currently recommending this vaccine as "Core".
      • Puppies will receive this vaccination in a combination with the DAPP vaccine at 12 and 16 weeks, and then annually thereafter.
      • Adult dogs will receive this vaccination usually in combination with the DAPP vaccine then it will be boostered in 3-4 weeks.  After that, it becomes an annual vaccine.
    • Rabies virus vaccine- Rabies virus is shed in high levels in saliva, and is spread from animal to animal via bite wounds by an infected animal.  Rabies is also a zoonotic disease, as it can be spread by bite wound from an infected animal.  The prevalence of Rabies has increased in the US, and has prompted Rabies vaccination to become not only "Core", but the vaccination is also legally required in most states, including Indiana.  Many states recognize the vaccination to be annually administered, though most vaccines are labeled for 3 year usage.  The state of Indiana recognizes a 3 year Rabies vaccine, however, young dogs need to have an annual booster to build immunity.
      • Puppies will receive a Rabies vaccination at 16 weeks of age.  The vaccine will then be boostered 1 year later
      • After the initial 1 year booster, adult dogs will receive the Rabies vaccination every 3 years.
  • Current Noncore vaccinations offered by Pine Valley Veterinary Clinic
    • Lyme vaccination- Lyme disease is caused by a bacterial infection and is spread by a bite from an infected tick (most commonly in our area, the deer tick).  This vaccine is recommended for patients who will have high exposure to ticks (ie those dogs who hunt or those who travel to areas with a high tick prevalence). 
      • Lyme vaccine is given annually to those patients who are at a higher risk for infection.  The vaccine is given to dogs as early as 12 weeks old.  Initially, it is recommended to give the first dose of vaccine followed by a booster vaccine 3-4 weeks later.  After that, it becomes an annual vaccination.
    • Bordetella (Kennel Cough) vaccination- Bordetella is a bacterium commonly associated with respiratory disease in dogs.  It is highly contagious and is spread by inhalation of airborne "droplets" produced by coughing or sneezing in an infected dog.  It can also be spread by contact with contaminated surfaces (such as cages, tables, etc.) or objects (such as toys, food/water bowls, etc.)  Bordetella vaccine is given to dogs that are considered "high risk" because they go places where there is a high concentration of dogs frequently, such as boarding or grooming facilities or dog parks.  Many boarding and grooming facilities require dogs to have this vaccination prior to admission into their facilities.
      • Bordetella vaccine can be given to a dog as young as 8 weeks old.  This vaccine is an annual vaccination.  Dogs who are considered high risk for exposure to bordetella (dogs that are boarded/groomed often, show dogs, etc.) will be vaccinated every 6 months, according to doctor discretion.

If you have any questions regarding this policy, please ask one of our helpful staff members for more information.